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Copyright (c) 2012-2014, The Linux Foundation. All rights reserved.

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DAMAGE.


Android - Table of Device Tree
==============================

0) Document revision
   v1.0 - Initial version (dng)
   v1.1 - Add v2 format to allow subtype (dng)

1) Android boot image:
----------------------
1.1) Header:
   1) Magic (8B)
   2) kernel size (4B)
   3) kernel addr (4B)
   4) ramdisk size (4B)
   5) ramdisk addr (4B)
   6) 2ndary size (4B)
   7) 2ndary addr (4B)
   8) tags addr (4B)
   9) page size (4B)
  10) unused #1 (4B) (zero in standard Android)
  11) unused #2 (4B) (zero in standard Android)
  12) product name (16B)
  13) kernel cmdline (512B)
  14) id (8B)

1.2) Layout:
   A) header (as above - 1 page)
   B) kernel (n pages)
   C) ramdisk (m pages)
   D) second stage (o pages)

2) QC table of device tree
--------------------------
2.1) Changes:
   i) use "unused #1, #2" members in existing boot image
      header to point to new table of device tree
      (#1 - size of QC table of DT)
  ii) append table of device tree (described later)
      after "D) second stage"

2.2) Format:
                                 size
   x      +------------------+
   |      | MAGIC ("QCDT")   |   4B
   |      +------------------+
 header   | VERSION          |   uint32 (version 3)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | num of DTBs      |   uint32 (number of DTB entries)
   x      +------------------+
   |      | platform id #1   |   uint32 (e.g. ID for MSM8974)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | variant id #1    |   uint32 (e.g. ID for CDP, MTP)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | subtype id #1    |   uint32 (e.g. ID for subtype) (QCDT v2)
 device   +------------------+
  #1      | soc rev #1       |   uint32 (e.g. MSM8974 v2)
 entry    +------------------+
   |      | pmic0 #1         |   uint32 (pmic0-> first smallest SID of existing pmic)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | pmic1 #1         |   uint32 (pmic1-> secondary smallest SID of existing pmic)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | pmic2 #1         |   uint32 (pmic2-> third smallest SID of existing pmic)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | pmic3 #1         |   uint32 (pmic3-> fourth smallest SID of existing pmic)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | offset #1        |   uint32 (byte offset from start/before MAGIC
   |      +------------------+           to DTB entry)
   |      | size #1          |   uint32 (size in bytes of DTB blob)
   x      +------------------+
   .              .
   .              .  (repeat)
   .              .

   x      +------------------+
   |      | platform id #Z   |   uint32 (e.g. ID for MSM8974)
   |      +------------------+
  device  | variant id #Z    |   uint32 (e.g. ID for CDP, MTP)
  #Z      +------------------+
  entry   | subtype id #Z    |   uint32 (e.g. ID for subtype) (QCDT v2)
  (last)  +------------------+
   |      | soc rev #Z       |   uint32 (e.g. MSM8974 v2)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | pmic0 #1         |   uint32 (pmic0-> first smallest SID of existing pmic)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | pmic1 #1         |   uint32 (pmic1-> secondary smallest SID of existing pmic)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | pmic2 #1         |   uint32 (pmic2-> third smallest SID of existing pmic)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | pmic3 #1         |   uint32 (pmic3-> fourth smallest SID of existing pmic)
   |      +------------------+
   |      | offset #Z        |   uint32 (byte offset from start/before MAGIC
   x      +------------------+           to DTB entry)
          | 0 ("zero")       |   uint32 (end of list delimiter)
          +------------------+           to DTB entry)
          | padding          |   variable length for next DTB to start on
          +------------------+           page boundary
          | DTB #1           |   variable (start is page aligned)
          |                  |
          |                  |
          +------------------+
          | padding          |   variable length for next DTB to start on
          +------------------+           page boundary
                  .
                  .
                  .

          +------------------+
          | DTB #Z (last)    |   variable (start is page aligned)
          |                  |
          |                  |
          +------------------+

3) Operations
-------------
3.1) Build-time:
  1) Each DTS per device will add a "qcom,msm-id" entry
     e.g. for msm8974-sim.dts, add
            qcom,msm-id = <x y z>;
          or
            qcom,msm-id = <x z>;
            qcom,board-id = <y y'>;
          or
            qcom,msm-id = <x z>;
            qcom,board-id = <y y'>;
            qcom,pmic-id = <a b c d>;
     x  = ID for msm8974
     y  = ID for CDP, MTP, etc.
     y' = ID for subtype (assumed zero if absent)
     z  = ID for soc revision
     a = pmic0
     b = pmic1
     c = pmic2
     d = pmic3
     SBL populates the pmic entries always in ascending order of SID, so
     pmic0-> SID0, pmic1-> SID1, pmic2-> SID2, pmic3-> SID3.
     e.g. for qcom,pmic-id = <pmic0 pmic1 pmic2 pmic3>
			Board X = MSM8994 + PM8994 + PMI8994            (Existing boards [ROW])
			Board Y = MSM8994 + PM8994 + PMI8994 + PM8004   (Internal SS board variant)
			Board Z = MSM8994 + PM8994 + PM8004             (Boards that SS will be making)

		For all boards X, Y, and Z, PMICs have the following SIDs and REVID SUBTYPEs
		(i.e. PMIC Model):
			PM8994 -            SID 0 and 1; subtype = 9
			PMI8994 -           SID 2 and 3; subtype = 10
			PM8004 -            SID 4 and 5; subtype = 12

		LK using SMEM PMIC info(1 as major and 0 as minor version for example):
			Board X: qcom,pmic-id = <0x0109 0x010A  0x0 0x0>;
			Board Y: qcom,pmic-id = <0x0109 0x010A 0x010C 0x0>;
			Board Z: qcom,pmic-id = <0x0109 0x010C 0x0 0x0>;

     The entry can optionally be an array:
         qcom,msm-id = <x1 y1 z1>, <x2 y2 z2>, ...;
       or
         qcom,msm-id = <x1 z1>, <x2 z2>, ...;
         qcom,board-id = <y1 y1'>, ...;
        or
         qcom,msm-id = <x1 z1>, <x2 z2>, ...;
         qcom,board-id = <y1 y1'>, ...;
         qcom,pmic-id = <a1 b1 c1 d1>, ...;
     Note that qcom,msm-id, qcom,board-id and qcom,pmic-id are not matched pairs.
  2) Kernel compile will generate the DTB
  3) Android build will run a new tool (dtbTool)
     a) scan the DTB output directory for all compiled DTB
     b) decompile the DTB for "qcom,msm-id"/"qcom,board-id"/"qcom,pmic-id"
     c) generate the QC table of device tree in sorted
        order (platform, variant, subtype, soc rev, pmic0, pmic1, pmic2, pmic3)
     d) modified mkbootimg will merge new table of DT

3.2) Run-time:
  1) LK bootloader will obtain platform id/variant/subtype/soc rev/major ver/minor ver
     /pmic0/pmic1/pmic2/pmic3 info either from early bootloaders or via other means
  2) LK bootloader will check entries #10 for non-zero
     value (set to zero for standard boot.img).  If the
     value is non-zero, refer to page section after
     the "second stage" in the boot.img layout
  3) Check QCDT magic
  4) Check QCDT version (optional LK to handle multiple
     QCDT version)
  5) LK scans through the QCDT table to look for matching
     entry.  Search order is:
     1) msm ID exact match
     2) Platform type exact match
     3) subtype ID exact match
     4) HLOS subtype exact match
     5) Pmic0 model ID exact match
     6) Pmic1 model ID exact match
     7) Pmic2 model ID exact match
     8) Pmic3 model ID exact match
     9) foundry ID, look for exact match, if not found choose
		device tree with foundry-id(0x0)
     10) select the highest soc rev in QCDT that is
        equal to or lower than the runtime detected soc rev
     11) select the highest major&minor ver in QCDT that is
        equal to or lower than the runtime detected major ver
     12) select the highest pmic0 major&minor in QCDT that is
        equal to or lower than the runtime detected pmic0
     13) select the highest pmic1 major&minor in QCDT that is
        equal to or lower than the runtime detected pmic1
     14) select the highest pmic2 major&minor in QCDT that is
        equal to or lower than the runtime detected pmic2
     15) select the highest pmic3 major&minor in QCDT that is
        equal to or lower than the runtime detected pmic3
  6) Load the matching DTB blob to the tags addr
  7) LK pass the correct DTB to the kernel